When you find yourself in court you are required to swear on oath that you have never been guilty of any offence.
This is an extremely important step in establishing innocence.
However, in Ireland there is an element of fraud which allows a person to be guilty of an offence without having been found guilty of it.
The RTE series on false innocence has found that a number of cases have been based on the false accusation of child abuse.
We have investigated cases where this has occurred in order to see how the courts handle the issue of false innocence.
In one such case, an alleged victim of abuse was taken to court by her family, who claimed she had been raped by her boyfriend.
The accused told the court that the alleged victim had said that he had raped her in the shower in an attempt to “put a stop to it”.
The court heard that the victim had not been sexually assaulted by the accused.
In a subsequent hearing, the accused told police that he did not want to go to jail for this offence.
He was later sentenced to three years imprisonment for an unrelated offence.
The court found that the accused had been falsely accused of raping the woman in the past.
This was not the first time that an accused had claimed that he was innocent of the offence.
In 2007, the Supreme Court of Ireland found that there was no need to consider the issue before giving sentence for a man who had been charged with assault by a member of the public.
He had claimed to have been falsely arrested and taken into custody, only to later be found guilty.